the 1st week of July


Mild weather is not very cold or not as cold as usual: We've had a mild winter this year

giving a feeling of comfort, warmth, and relaxation
 the flickering lamp gave the room a cosy lived-in air

 a cover to keep a teapot or a boiled egg hot
make (someone) feel comfortable or complacent
she cosied him and made out she found him irresistible

made using wool or thick cotton and two long needles: a knitted jumper hand-knitted gloves
a brake operated by hand, used to hold an already stationary vehicle
    she drew up beside the road and pulled on the handbrake

 take up/pick up the slack
to make a system or organisation as efficient as possible by making sure that money, space, or people are fully used
Without another contract to help pick up the slack, employees may face job losses
to do something that needs to be done because someone else is no longer doing it
to make a rope tighter

 cut/give somebody some slack
to allow someone to do something without criticising them or making it more difficult
Hey, cut me some slack, man, I'm only a few bucks short

used to emphasize that you mean exactly what you are saying and nothing more
 I wasn't complaining, I merely said that I was tired
I didn't say that you had to go - I merely suggested that you might want to go

used to emphasize that something is not large, important, or effective when compared to something else: The medicine won't cure her - it merely stops the pain

If something is slippery, it is wet or smooth so that it slides easily or causes something to slide slippery soap a slippery floor The road was wet and slippery

 informal disapproving
Someone who is slippery cannot be trusted
He's a slippery customer (= person), that Tim, I've never felt comfortable with him
He's as slippery as an eel - you can never get a straight answer out of him

be as slippery as an eel
someone who is as slippery as an eel cannot be trusted
Usage notes: An eel is a long fish which has a body like a snake
You'd be mad to go into business with him. He's as slippery as an eel

existing or happening before someone or something
The paintings are a development of ideas she explored in the preceding decade
In conclusion, I hope the preceding arguments have convinced you of the need for action

to develop gradually, or to cause something or someone to develop gradually,develop gradually
the company has evolved into a major chemical manufacturer
Did humans evolve from apes?
The company has evolved over the years into a multi-million dollar organization
Bacteria are evolving resistance to antibiotics

speak out

to give your opinion about something in public, especially on a subject that you have strong feelings about
If no one has the courage to speak out against the system, things will never improve

to speak loudly; to speak to be heard
Please speak out. We need to hear you

They won't hear you in the back row if you don't speak out

against someone or something) to speak negatively and publicly about someone or something
to reveal something negative, in speech, about someone or something
I don't want to speak out against my friends, but I am afraid I have to
The citizens spoke out against corruption in government

having beautiful scenery; picturesque,having or allowing you to see beautiful natural features
We took the scenic route home
We have plenty of time: let's take the scenic route
an area of outstanding scenic beauty
a scenic drive/railway

 love sb to bits

UK informal
to love someone very much
He's my old man and I love him to bits but I can't spend too much time with him

melting pot
a pot in which metals or other materials are melted and mixed
a place where different peoples, styles, theories, etc. are mixed together
Toronto is a melting pot of different cultures

A volcano is a vent in the earth's crust through which molten rock (magma), rock fragments, gases, and ashes are ejected from the earth's interior. A volcano is created when magma erupts onto the surface of the earth

affecting many things or people; large
It is obvious that sweeping changes are needed in the legal system
We need to make sweeping cuts to our budget

sweeping statement/generalization
something that you say or write that is too general and that has not been carefully thought about
Sweeping generalizations about this complex and difficult situation are not helpful

 A sweeping win or victory is an easy or complete win
The party have failed to win the sweeping victory they expected

not pleased with something; feeling that something is not as good as it should be
If you're dissatisfied with the service, why don't you complain to the hotel manager

The grass is always greener on the other side of the fence



containing or changing between several different things or types

 a varied group of people

a lengthy and varied career

With its varied climate, the country attracts both winter and summer sports enthusiasts  


of or in the middle part or position of a range

the mid 17th century



excellent, or beautiful and impressive

We had splendid food/a splendid holiday/splendid weather

You look splendid in that outfit 



 gradual: The plan is for a rolling extension of the tax over the next ten years 

 adjective(of hills) gently rising and falling: The train journey took us through a valley past rolling hills


(a rolling stone (gathers no moss

 old-fashioned saying

 said to mean that a person who is always travelling and changing jobs has the advantage of having no responsibilities, but also has disadvantages such as having no permanent place to live

Hal was a bit of a rolling stone before he married and settled down 



 small in numbers or amount, often spread over a large area

a sparse population/audience

sparse vegetation/woodland

a sparse beard

Information coming out of the disaster area is sparse.

sparsely populated: کم جمعیت


(upland( opposite of  lowland


an area of high or hilly land

conservation of areas of upland


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